(I reprint this article with some trepidation. The title itself seems biased to me: “Gaza Attacks…” — as if nothing preceded them. But the body of the article was fairer, I think, as were the photos accompanying the article, in showing the suffering on both sides. The world has been far too fast to condemn Israel for attacking Gaza, while remaining silent about the daily bombing that has been going on for years from Gaza. At the same time, we who defend Israel’s right to exist in security must always remind ourselves, as does Dr. Abuelaish, that “Peace,” not “Victory,” is — or should be — our ultimate hope and prayer.)
Gaza Attacks Reopen Old Wounds
Olivia Ward, Foreign Affairs Reporter 
It was a cry of anguish that was frozen in time, replicated on the screens of millions around the world.
On Jan. 16, 2009, Dr. Izzeldin Abuelaish was sobbing into the phone, broadcast live by a stunned Israeli journalist who was hosting a daily radio show.
The Palestinian doctor’s niece and three daughters lay dead in his home from an Israeli tank blast, during an invasion of Gaza aimed at rooting out Hamas militants. His desperate call was for help for his surviving children.
Today, the renowned infertility expert is an associate professor of medicine at the University of Toronto, and author of a book called “I Shall Not Hate,”  pleading for an end to the Mideast conflict and for understanding between Israelis and Palestinians.
But news of a reignited conflict in Gaza — with Hamas rockets landing close to Israel’s densely populated city of Tel Aviv on Thursday — has taken him back to the searing 22-day war that altered his life forever. And it shows how little has changed in the stalled peace process between Israelis and Palestinians.
“In my mind I am reliving it all now,” Abuelaish said from Monaco, where he is attending a conference. “This is a human tragedy, not something for political gain. This is not what my daughters shed their blood for. Not what so much blood was shed for.
“It’s not just destructive to Palestinians, but Israelis. It’s time to stop this suicide.”
But as another day of rocket fire and retaliation ended — with the deaths of three Israelis in the southern town of Kiryat Malachi, and a total of 18 Palestinians dead over two days — the crisis looked almost certain to escalate into an Israeli ground attack similar to the 2009 campaign known as Operation Cast Lead.
Reports of paratroopers and infantry brigades mustering on Gaza’s border, along with tanks and armoured personnel carriers, fuelled reports that a ground offensive was getting closer.
“I ordered the military today to widen the draft of reserve soldiers in order to be able to be ready for any development,” Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak announced Thursday. The army said up to 30,000 additional troops could be drafted, according to the Associated Press.
“No government would tolerate a situation where nearly a fifth of its people live under a constant barrage of rockets and missile fire,” said Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who faces an election in January.
The military was ordered to conduct “surgical strikes” in Gaza, he said, but Israel would take “whatever action is necessary to defend our people.” There were also reports of rocket fire on Gaza overnight.
With more than 200 rockets landing in Israel on Thursday in retaliation for the assassination of Hamas military leader Ahmed Jabari a day earlier, the second major ground invasion of Gaza in less than four years appeared almost inevitable.
If airstrikes fail to eliminate the long-range missile threat, said the U.S.-based global intelligence firm Stratfor, “that increases the likelihood of an Israeli ground operation, as that is the only way to secure the missile sites and prevent their further deployment.”
In Tel Aviv on Thursday, residents panicked as air raid sirens blared, according to media reports, and some ran for cover or threw themselves on the ground. Office workers headed for bomb shelters in their buildings.
Meanwhile, Gaza’s 1.7 million densely packed residents braced for a new assault. Few have forgotten the 2009 operation in which some 1,400 Palestinians died, and thousands of homes were destroyed.
On a fading phone connection from Gaza, aid official Amjad Shawa said that electricity and water systems were failing, food stores were closed and the streets of main cities were empty, as residents hunkered down for an anticipated attack. Earlier in the week Israel warned members of the ruling Hamas faction not to “show their faces above ground in the days ahead.”
“The crossings are closed and there’s no access to supplies because of continuous strikes,” said Shawa, who heads the Palestinian NGO Network in Gaza. “It’s too dangerous to move around.
“We’re living under very critical conditions,” he added. “The medical system can’t deal with the casualties, many of them children.”
About half the population of the tiny territory is under 17. Media reports say 188 people in Gaza have been wounded since the air strikes began.
In southern Israel, which has borne the brunt of hundreds of Gaza-launched rocket attacks over the years, the top floor of an apartment building in Kiryat Malachi was reportedly smashed by a missile that killed two men and a woman. In other cities, several Israelis were injured, including a baby.
While southern residents are accustomed to ducking into air raid shelters, rocket fire came as a shock to the Tel Aviv suburb of Rishon Lezion, where one missile reportedly fell into an open field, with no casualties.
It confirmed one of Israel’s worst fears — that Palestinian militants were able to attack its heartland at will with longer-range missiles than in the past.
“(Their rockets) can now reach about 60 kilometres,” said Israeli Defense Forces spokeswoman Avital Leibovich, describing the newer Iranian-made Fajr-5 rockets. “They can go well into central Israel. Ten years ago, when they began, they were homemade rockets with a limited capability of six kilometres.”
A network of hundreds of smuggling tunnels in Gaza, she said, has allowed militants to stockpile an arsenal of weapons. Israel’s current strikes are aimed at degrading the weapons, and wiping out the militants’ ability to attack Israel, she added.
But Abuelaish said: “We need to look at the roots of all this violence. It’s a tragedy that affects the lives of our children. What do we do to make these children filled with violence and hate? Instead of killing and bombing we must be courageous and stop hiding our heads in the sand.”
He added: “The only way to end this is through the peace process: a two-state solution for Israelis and Palestinians. That is the message of this conflict. Putting an end to settlements, to suffering, to fear in the hearts of both peoples. We can rehabilitate the physical destruction of war, but not what is in people’s hearts.”
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 my review of Dr. Abuelaish’s book: